Yellow belt (gokyu) syllabus

December 5th, 2016 | Posted by judo in Beginner | Class summary | News - (0 Comments)

Nage Waza (Throwing Techniques)
O GoshiMajor hip throw
Koshi gurumaHip wheel
O soto gariMajor outer reap
O uchi GariMajor inner reap
Ippon Seoi NageOne “arm” shoulder(ing) throw

Osaekomi Waza (Hold Down Techniques)
Hon kesa gatame – Basic “scarf” hold
Yoko shiho gatameSide four quarters hold
Kami shiho gatameUpper four quarters hold
Tate shiho gatameLongitudinal four quarters hold
Kata gatame – Shoulder hold

Shime Waza (Strangulation Techniques)
Hadaka JimeNaked strangle

Kansetsu Waza (Joint Locking Techniques)
Ude Hishigi Juji GatameCross arm lock

Nage-waza (throwing technique):

Two additional sacrifice techniques (sutemi-waza), tomoe nage (whirling throw) and sumi gaeshi (corner reversal), were demonstrated.

The characteristic difference emphasized in class between tomoe nage and sumi gaeshi, besides leg placement, is the distance at which the techniques are performed. Namely, sumi gaeshi requires close contact whereas tomoe nage has modest separation between tori and uke.

Nage-waza (throwing technique):

Two sacrifice techniques (sutemi-waza) were demonstrated: tani otoshi (valley drop) and kani basami (crab pinch). These colourful names, which are different from the normal boring judo nomenclature, are typical of throws either preserved or reintroduced from traditional jujutsu styles. It’s worth noting, however, that kani basami is illegal in competition and is typically not used in randori to avoid knee injuries.

Nage-waza (throwing technique):

uh, yum.

A wraparound version of ko-uchi gari, the minor inner reap, was demonstrated. Unofficially, it is often also called ko-uchi makikomi because of the similarity of its wraparound action to throws such as soto-makikomi, o-soto makikomi, etc. As an aside, a good mnemonic to remember the meaning of “makikomi” is the “maki” root, which refers to rolls and comes up on sushi menus.

Because this variation of ko-uchi gari is done as a sacrifice technique (sutemi-waza), it can be a very powerful technique because it requires full commitment of balance in order to throw uke. Indeed, it was a favoured technique of Toshihiko Koga, a celebrated judoka, and complemented Koga’s predilection for ippon seoi nage, the one-arm shouldering throw. Entry into ko-uchi makikomi from ippon seoi nage was also demonstrated. Because this is a sacrifice technique, a hip-blocking stiff-arm counter combined with evasion was also demonstrated.


Ne-waza (ground technique):

Several armlocks were reviewed:

Ude-hishigi ude gatame – the arm-assisted armlock

Ude-hishigi translates as armlock, while ude means arm and gatame means hold.

Ude-hishigi juji gatame – the cross armlock.

A good mnemonic is the root of “juji” or “ju“, which refers to the written character for ten (十). That is, the body positions of tori and uke form something that looks like 十, hence an idiomatic translation is the cross armlock. One will also encounter juji in juji jime, the cross choke.

Ude-hishigi ashi gatame – the leg-assisted armlock

Ashi, like in de-ashi barai or okuri ashi barai, means leg.

Ude-hishigi waki gatame – the armpit armlock

Waki means armpit, and a good mnemonic is that it can come out of nowhere and whack you. Or that it’s wacky, your choice!

Please note that the techniques summarised below may not necessarily be identical or capture all that was taught in class.


Nage-waza (throwing technique):

Yasuhiro Yamashita – the scary kind-faced man

O-uchi gari (major inner reap) into uchi mata (inner thigh) was demonstrated. A good video of Yasuhiro Yamashita, 4-time gold medallist at the World Championships and Olympic gold medallist (and purportedly undefeated in competition), is shown below with him demonstrating the combination. In this video, Yamashita emphasises the hand motion particularly in the sleeve grip (hiki te, pulling hand) in forcing uke‘s head down. This complements the leg action of uchi mata because uke‘s head position inversely follows his/her leg position, like a see-saw.

Please note that the techniques summarised below may not necessarily be identical or capture all that was taught in class.


Nage-waza (throwing technique):

Hiza guruma (knee wheel) into tai otoshi (body drop).

Ne-waza (ground technique):

Turtle turnovers, using skirt-to-hand traps, into pins (osaekomi waza) and ude garami (entangled armlock).

Please note that the techniques summarised below may not necessarily be identical or capture all that was taught in class.


Nage-waza (throwing technique):

Two classical combination techniques (renraku-waza) involving o-soto gari, the major outer reap, were demonstrated. The first combination technique was o-soto gari into sasae tsurikomi ashi, the lifting pulling ankle block. A good written primer can be found on this blog, and two videos demonstrated the combination are included below.

The second combination is o-soto gari into harai goshi, the sweeping hip throw.

Please note that the techniques summarised below may not necessarily be identical or capture all that was taught in class.


Nage-waza (throwing technique):

Continuing on the theme of leg techniques (ashi-waza), kosoto gari (small outer reap) and kosoto gake (small outer hook) were demonstrated.

Please note that the techniques summarised below may not necessarily be identical or capture all that was taught in class.


Nage-waza (throwing technique):

Continuing from last class, okuri ashi barai was again demonstrated but in a circular displacement rather than the classical lateral displacement, which is less likely to occur in a randori (free sparring) or shiai (competition) context.

Please note that the techniques summarised below may not necessarily be identical or capture all that was taught in class.


Nage-waza (throwing technique):

Okuri ashi barai, often also spelled okuri ashi harai, was demonstrated to kick off the next series of techniques, specifically ashi-waza (leg techniques). The name of the technique literally translates to the sending-off leg/foot sweep, thus one can think of this foot sweep as a technique that sends both of uke‘s legs out to the side. Ultimately, one will need to be able to compare and contrast the mechanics of okuri ashi barai to de ashi barai (forward foot sweep) and harai tsurikomi ashi (lifting-pulling foot sweep), the other two foot sweeps in the Kodokan curriculum.

The lateral moving version of okuri ashi barai was specifically taught, and is the moving variation used in nage no kata. Useful points to keep in mind are timing, incorporating a lifting motion with the far hand as well as a pushing motion with the nearside (sweeping-side) grip, pushing the hips into the sweep and emphasizing sweep latitude.


Ne-waza (ground technique):

Several choke/strangulation techniques (shime-waza) were reviewed:

N.B. spoken Japanese often shifts sounds, so shime and jime refer to the same thing, much like koshi and goshi or barai and harai for example.

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